Home accidents are the number-one cause of injuries in older adults. With some planning, you can prevent most home accidents. The following tips can help you identify potential hazards and take steps to fix them before an accident happens.
Additionally, walk through each room in your home using this checklist to discover what you can do to make your house safer.
GHC.org has published a set of guidelines for seniors to help them identify and fix safety hazards in the home. Here's an excerpt from their article.
Preventing Falls and Injury
- Respect your limits. Don't be afraid to ask for help or hire someone to do some of the jobs you used to do yourself, such as climbing ladders, cleaning cupboards or changing light bulbs.
- If you feel a little unsteady, use an assistive walking device, such as a walker or a cane, to help you keep your balance and prevent a fall.
- Take your time. Get up slowly after you've been sitting or lying down to avoid getting dizzy. When planning to go somewhere, leave enough time to get there so you won't have to rush if you're running late.
- Plan ahead. Schedule your activities for times you are most likely to be alert and not feeling hungry, stressed, or upset.
Taking Care of Yourself
- Have your eyes checked once every two years unless your doctor recommends more frequent eye exams. Always wear your glasses or contact lenses if prescribed.
- Avoid wearing clothes that you can easily trip over or step on while walking or climbing stairs.
- Wear shoes with nonskid soles both inside and outside the house. Don't go barefoot or wear socks.
- Maintain your strength, flexibility, and balance with regular physical activity. Walking is a great way to stay active. You can start out slowly and build up to 30 minutes each day. Even if you need to walk with an assistive walking device, try to walk for about 30 minutes on most days of the week.
- Ask your doctor or pharmacist to review all the medicines you take, including over-the-counter medicines, at every visit and with each new prescription. Some medicines or combination of medicines can make you sleepy or dizzy and increase your risk of falling.
- Limit alcohol. Drinking alcoholic beverages slows brain activity, affecting alertness, judgment, coordination, and reaction time.
Getting In and Out of Bed
- Change positions slowly when getting out of bed. Sit on the side of your bed for a minute before getting up, or stand for a minute before you start to move.
- Don't put off the urge to go to the bathroom. This can lead to an urgent need to move too quickly to get to the bathroom later.
- Stop drinking liquids a couple of hours before going to bed. This will lessen your need to get up during the night. Take diuretic medicine (water pills) early in the day.
Fall-Proofing Your Home
- Keep stairs and pathways clear. Remove things that might cause you to trip, such as papers, books, clothes, and shoes.
- If your stairs are carpeted, choose a pattern that doesn't hide the edges of the steps.
- Use double-sided tape for all rugs to keep them from slipping.
- Keep outside steps free of ice and snow in the winter.
- Put items you use a lot in cabinets that are easy to reach without needing a step stool.
- Wipe up spills as soon as they happen. Liquids make a floor slippery.
- Make sure you have enough light so you can easily see any obstacles that are in your way. Have light switches at both ends of all your stairways and halls and within easy reach of your bed. Use night lights in hallways and bathrooms.
- Use nonslip mats in the bathtub and on shower floor.
- Install grab bars next to the toilet and in the bathtub or shower.”
You can read the complete article at ghc.org.
And while we're on the topic of senior safety, don't forget these easy mishap prevention tips:
- Clean up spills immediately. When there is a spill of liquids, grease, or anything else you could slip on clean it up as soon as possible to avoid falls.
- Beware of where you put hot liquids. If you have young children in the house, always be weary of where you put that cup of hot coffee. Refrain from placing hot liquids on a table that has a runner or table cloth hanging over—the child may pull on the fabric causing the liquid to spill on them. Also do not leave hot liquids in a place where children can reach it.
- Install grab bars in the shower. For anyone who is unsteady on their feet such as an elderly family member, a shower can be a very dangerous place. Installing grab bars could help prevent disaster should they slip.
- Check your hot water heater. Children and the elderly are more susceptible to burns from hot water. Make sure your hot water heater has the water at 120 degrees Fahrenheit or lower to best avoid unintentional burns.
- Keep electronics away from water. This seems to go without saying yet accidents involving electronics and water still happen every year. Do not keep electronics near water or in a place where they could fall in or a child could pull them in.
- Keep cleaning products out of reach. All cleaning products should be stored in a place where kids and pets cannot get to them. Put them in a cabinet with child-proof locks or better yet store them in a high cabinet.